Nwokike Livinus Ifeatu
Faculty of Law, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State ,Nigeria.
Number: 08033521034, 09073018015website: www.geci.org.ng, Phone
The need for access to safe drinking water, water quality and sustainable water supplies
cannot be over-emphasized. In order to have safe drinking water, efforts were made globally
through the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; especially Goal 6. This goal was
aimed at ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. It
was observed that since the launch of these goals in 2015, leaders of the world started to
launch this programme in their own ways towards attaining the same objective for their
people. In America, the government came up with USAID Water and Development Plan.
India through their government emulated them with the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission
which is aimed at eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned
and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring
toilet use. In their own bid, Nigeria through their government came up with the Executive
Order 009 which is aimed at ensuring open defecation free-Nigeria by 2025. The comparative
evaluation of India and Nigeria approaches towards eradicating open defecation for safe
drinking water and good health in line with the United Nations sustainable goals formed the
fulcrum of this paper. The author made recommendations for sustainable development.
Keywords: Prospects and challenges, Nigeria, Executive Order 009, Swachh Bharat Mission,
India and Sustainable Development